The project known as “interior design” is one that entails determining how a room will appear, how it will operate, and how it will interact with one’s senses. The necessities, customs, and ways of life of the people who live there should be reflected in them.
In this article, we’ll discuss the 7 Principles of Interior Design.
Balance is achieving visual harmony in the area by ensuring that the pieces are placed equally and this is one of the important principles of interior design. This creates a feeling of balance in your design. It may be accomplished in a variety of ways, including the use of shapes, colors, patterns, and even textures.
There are three main approaches to striking a balance in interior design. The conventional symmetrical balancing, for example, arranges things symmetrically on each side of an imaginary center axis. In contrast, asymmetrical balancing preserves the focus point on the imaginary axis while permitting different and strangely numbered things. Finally, radial balancing is placing things in a circle around a primary focal point, such as a circular dining table or a chandelier.
When it comes to interior design, harmony refers to a feeling of cohesiveness in terms of a space’s style, theme, aesthetic, mood, or even personality. Imagine it as a feeling of belonging and coherence that anchors the interior design and style of the space you’re in. Think of it as a focal point. Harmony is one of the important principles of interior design.
This does not imply that every component or piece of home décor in the space has to be the same or fit into the same category, but there needs to be some manner in which all of the components may work together to create a balanced and harmonious atmosphere. For example, you may emphasize a room by employing the same color scheme throughout.
The human brain is wired to be interested in patterns of recurrence and is quite good at recognizing things that are similar to itself. As a result, the use of rhythm in an interior design scheme, which refers to the creation of repetition and contrast in space, helps transport visual attention across the room.
Creating rhythm may be accomplished in a variety of ways, for as by reusing the same color or pattern at varied time intervals. For instance, you may paint one of the walls in your dining room green, and then put the same color on the cushions of your dining chair. The term for this kind of rhythm is called repetition. Alternation is another method for producing rhythm, and it involves rotating two items in a pattern of ABABAB or ABBABB.
For example, you might alternate between two different kinds of pendant lights. If you are in the mood for something a little more daring, you may like to experiment with progression rhythm, which involves arranging pieces in ascending or decreasing order according to their size, color, or other attributes. Rhythm is one of the important principles of interior design.
4. Proportion and Scale
Now that we’ve covered the ideas of balance and harmony, it’s time to move on to the fundamental principle of interior design that really leads them: proportion and scale. Proportion and scale refer to the relationship between the size of an object and its surrounding space. The way in which the size of one thing in a room complements or contrasts the size of all of the other objects in the area or even in relation to human scale is what is referred to as scale. The concept of proportion is more relative, and it focuses on the overall connection that exists between things of varying sizes.
When designing an interior space, contrast is achieved by combining two or more shapes that are strikingly unlike one another. Again, this may be accomplished by the use of space, form (shape), or color and this is one of the important principles of interior design.
The use of contrasting colors, such as black and white in a painting, is one of the simplest ways to bring out the contrast in a composition. You may also set two different forms near together, such as balancing a circular mirror with a rectangle dining table. Another option is to put two distinct shapes next to each other.
The use of both positive space (space that is occupied with objects) and negative space (space that is empty in between objects) is an excellent way to create contrast without crowding the room. Positive space is space that is occupied with objects. Negative space is space that is empty in between objects.
Simply sticking to balance and harmony, which are the pillars of excellent interior design, may lead to a feeling of monotony and rigidity in space. This is despite the fact that balance and harmony are the cornerstones of principles of interior design. This is where the fundamental idea of putting attention comes into play. The use of a conspicuous focal feature that serves as an anchor in a space is an example of emphasis; for example, a beautiful chandelier in the living room.
The final of the fundamental principles of interior design is “attention to detail,” yet there’s a good reason why this phrase is often taken literally and utilized as a figure of speech. In the end, the details are what determine whether or not a design is successful. A well-designed space that lacks the appropriate finishing touches will always give off an impersonal and unfinished vibe.
It is also the only theory of design that allows you to fully revel in its application without the oversight of an experienced interior designer. Infuse your personality, hobbies, and other aspects of your life into the design of your house during this last stage of the home interior design process. This phase gives you the flexibility to fully make the space your own.
All the above listed are the important principles of interior design, every architect must know.