Building planning is the systematic arrangement of numerous components or units of a building to make a meaningful and uniform structure to achieve its functional purpose. Build architecture plan is a graphical depiction of how a structure will appear after completion. Whether it is “generic housing,” “Industrial housing,” or any other sort of housing, some basic design principles should be carefully examined and reviewed before the plan is finalized.
Here are 12 principles to build an architecture plan.
1. Proper Measurement
If the building already exists, take measurements of the walls, doors, and any furniture that is relevant to the floor plan. This will ensure that the floor plan is correct. If you are designing the plan for a completely new location, check to see if the overall area can be accommodated in the space where it is going to be erected.
It is recommended to look at buildings that were constructed in places that are comparable to this one in order to get an estimate for this architecture plan.
The state of the economy is one of the most important considerations in an architecture plan. It will be necessary to adjust some aspects of the original plan and leave out others in order to accommodate the constraints imposed by the available resources and financial means.
The term “prospect” refers, in the context of building planning, to the view that residents of the building would want to have from different parts of the home. It requires the arrangement of doors and windows-like aspects since the prospect is determined by the surrounding features, whether they are positive or negative, of the chosen location, such as a flower garden or rubbish dumps.
4. Furniture Requirements
In order for a space to fulfill its purpose, it must have furniture. Each kind of space, such as a living room, a drawing room, a kitchen, a school, an office room, a laboratory, or a hospital room, for example, has certain furniture needs. During the design stage, the position of the furniture and other utility items should be so placed in each room that it provides the greatest amount of space for mobility, allows for easy operation of door and window shutters, and allows for a pleasant breeze to reach the bedroom.
It is best to produce a sketch design depicting the locations of the furniture so that it can be certain that doors, windows, and circulation space will not prevent the placement of an adequate number of pieces. Beds, heavy furniture items such as sofas and chests of drawers, and other large pieces of furniture should all have their placements indicated on such blueprints.
The option in the original design for its future expansion or alteration in the inner layout of a room, bathroom, or w.c., etc., by modifying the location is what is meant when we talk about flexibility. Flexibility may be availed of. It will eventually be essential to either expand or create public facilities such as schools, hospitals, and hostels, among other types of public structures. Therefore, the current planning for such circumstances must be adaptable in order to meet the requirement of the future.
When it comes to architecture plan, “grouping” refers to the process of arranging the various rooms of a structure in accordance with their interrelationships of invitation and transition.
The rooms are laid out in the plan in such a way that there is a suitable link between their functions and the closeness that each room has to the other rooms.
The term “circulation” refers to any access or internal link that exists between rooms on the same level or between floors. This is an important factor in the architecture plan. The movement of people from one room to another on the same level is referred to as horizontal circulation. Examples of horizontal circulation include tunnels, corridors, and halls. The movement of people and goods between levels of a building is referred to as vertical circulation. Examples of vertical circulation include escalators and elevators.
Sanitation of a building is related not just to urinals, restrooms, washbasins, and sinks, but also to the general lighting and ventilation.
The overall impression created by a building’s elevation and the general arrangement of the plan is referred to as its elegance.
If you want a building to have excellent elegance, it is best to construct the elevation first, and then change the plan according to what you’ve learned from it.
The protection of one’s personal space is an essential component of construction and architecture planning. Privacy may be achieved by moving from one section of a building to another inside the same structure, from nearby buildings, streets, or other locations.
The feeling of space inside a room may be increased by making the most of its smallest dimensions while avoiding the creation of cramped floor architecture plans. By making use of every nook and cranny of the structure, an impression of more space is created.
Skill is fundamentally necessary in order to make effective use of the available housing by appropriately arranging the rooms, and by positioning the doors, windows, and passageways in such a manner that the utility, livability, and privacy are not negatively impacted.
Aspect refers to the orientation of rooms inside structures in relation to the cardinal directions in such a manner that the inhabitants of the buildings would be able to take full use of the natural luxuries such as sunlight, wind, landscape, and so on to the greatest degree feasible.